Gout & Heart Health

If you have gout, your heart health is at risk.

Those who have gout are more likely to have heart health issues – including heart disease, high blood pressure, blocked arteries and heart failure. If left untreated, gout can be very dangerous, with new research showing that having gout doubles a person’s risk for heart attack or stroke.
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Uric acid is a normal waste product that can be found in your blood stream – but having more uric acid than the kidneys can get rid of can lead to a condition called hyperuricemia (high uric acid in the blood). High levels of uric acid can cause crystals to form in the joints and other tissues. The inflammation from these crystal deposits can result in blood clots that can lead to a heart attack or stroke.

Though other health issues – such as obesity, high lipid levels, kidney disease and diabetes – can increase your risk for gout and heart problems, research shows that hyperuricemia alone has been linked with a higher risk of death and other heart-related complications.

Control Gout and Protect Your Heart Health

Maintaining a healthy serum uric acid level of 6 mg/dL or below is important to reduce risk for gout and heart disease. Ask your doctor for a routine serum uric acid blood test to see if you have elevated uric acid. The doctor can also run tests to measure your blood pressure and check your cholesterol levels.Hispanic woman exercising in park

If your uric acid levels are high, your doctor may prescribe medications to keep uric acid levels low and reduce your risk for future gout flares. It is important to take these medications as prescribed – and not to stop them without talking with the doctor. It is also important to tell your doctor about all other medications and supplements you are taking, as some may be raising your uric acid levels.

Other steps – such as drinking plenty of water to flush the kidneys and help to remove uric acid from the bloodstream; exercising and maintaining a healthy body weight; and avoiding trigger foods – are also important for reducing risk.

To learn more about gout and heart health, download this here. Additional information about heart health is available through the American Heart Association at heart.org.